Sunday May 29, 2022

Brain Functions

brain functions

The brain is the ultimate organ of the body control system where every function of all parts of the body is regulated, controlled, and processed. It is divided into three parts

Forebrain: It is further divided into the thalamus, the limbic system, and the cerebrum

Midbrain: It contains reticular formation.

Hindbrain: It includes the medulla, pons, and cerebellum.

It was a brief review of parts of the brain. Now we will describe the functions of these parts of the brain.

The Limbic system plays role in the development of sensations of emotions including fear, rage, hunger, thirst, tranquility, pleasure, and sexual responses. The limbic system parts e.g. hippocampus is concerned with recent memory, and the amygdala consists of clusters of neurons that produce a sensation of pleasure, punishment, or sexual arousal when stimulate.

The Hypothalamus functions are:

  • Autonomic control
  • Endocrine control
  • Temperature regulation
  • Neurosecretion: Secretion of vasopressin and oxytocin.
  • Regulation of Food and Water Intake
  • Emotion and behavior
  • Control of Circadian rhythms.

The Cerebrum being the largest part of the brain contains many areas performing different functions. The cerebral cortex computes the coordinates of visual, auditory, and body surroundings. Wernicke’s area is the most important region for higher intellectual functions because almost all such intellectual areas are language-based so it is for language comprehension. The angular gyrus of the cortex is necessary to make meaning out of words. Cortex other areas function in word formation and naming objects. The cerebral cortex is also involved in intelligence, reasoning, and judgment.

Reticular formation plays role in screening the input information before they reach higher brain centers.

The brainstem which consists of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain performs three broad functions;

  • It serves as a conduit for the ascending and descending tracts and therefore connects the spinal cord with the higher brain centers.
  • It consists of important centers associated with the control of respiration, the cardiovascular system, and the control of consciousness.
  • It contains important nuclei of cranial nerves.

The cerebellum plays an important role in the control of posture and voluntary movements. It unconsciously influences the smooth contraction of voluntary muscles and carefully coordinates their action along with the relaxation of their antagonists.

These are the human brain functions. Now we will discuss how you can boost them with the help of natural supplements.

Boost your brain functions with natural brain supplements:

The human brain needs an adequate amount of nutrients to synthesize neurotransmitters necessary for a wide range of emotions and human well-being. If the diet is poor in nutrients, this will lead to brain malfunctioning and many chronic diseases e.g. Depression, Alzheimer’s, Parkinsonism, etc. Some of the natural brain supplements that help to boost your brain are as follows:

  • Ginkgo biloba: It improves the short term-memory and enhances the ability of the brain to use glucose.
  • Valerian Root
  • Gotu kola: It supports brain function and has an unusual affinity for the cerebral cortex.
  • Passion Flowers
  • Folic Acid: In the brain, it acts as an antioxidant.
  • Hops
  • Vitamin B complex: They prevent dementia, mood changes, and fatigue.
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • DMAE
  • Carnitine
  • Phosphatidylserine and choline: They improve mood and are antidepressants and antianxiety.
  • Hydroxytryptophan: It acts as a transmitter in the brain.

These should be included in everyone’s diet to live a healthy life. They should be in specific combination to enhance brain activity properly. Natural Nutritional supplements thus enable the brain to achieve a natural balance and help you to think and act being optimistically and also helpful in alleviating sluggishness and lethargy and panic feelings!

Amna Sheikh

Amna Sheikh is a medical doctor with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelors in Economics and Statistics.  She is also a medical writer working as a freelancer for 10+ years and she is specialized in medical, health, and pharmaceutical writing, regulatory writing & clinical research. All her work is supported by a strong academic and professional experience.
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