Any incentive for playing upon the body endings in certain physiological changes in the body is cumulatively called stress. There are many elements that influence the outcomes of stress. Firstly, every person possesses his own personal views regarding stress, based on his past experience, the perception of events, his strength, and social support. The race, sex, age, socioeconomic status, marital status and early developmental experiences all alter stress’s outcome differently.
Our body responds to stress through physical, emotional and behavioral mean. There is no doubt that’s stress is an important element in causing many health problems. If you are facing continuous stress in your life, it will mark detrimental effects on your body. Here we find why stress results in health hazards.
Stress Effects of Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Systems
Continuous Stress may lead to overriding of the sympathetic and parasympathetic symptoms. These both autonomic systems are an important in controlling our emotions, heart rate, breathing rate etc. Stress affects the main root of nervous system, so physical, emotional and behavioral findings are visible on the person experiencing stress.
Physical manifestation of Stress on Body
In case of stress is acute, sympathetic system is affected and the body responds by increasing heart rate, pupil dilation, piloerection, rapid breathing, dry mouth, increased muscle tone and increased BP. In case this state maintains for a longer duration, for example, a person remains in stress, it will now manifest with more symptoms. It will affect person’s heart, stomach, and blood vessels. As a result, there is increased production of gastric acid take place and gastric emptying time increases also; there are symptoms of nausea, heartburn, chest pain, stomach upset, high BP, arthralgia, and myalgia.
The chronicity of the stress leads to activation of the parasympathetic system. It is also seen that many people are vulnerable to the activation of parasympathetic system owing to continuous stress. A person may feel either poor appetite or eat much; gut motility is delayed also, so constipation arises. There is increased sweating as well as disturbed sleep.
Emotional Manifestation and its Reason
The sympathetic system activation because of continuous stress lead to person responds with anger, anxiety, and fear. He becomes irritable, restless and fatigued. Other emotional aspects of such persons include hypervigilance, increased startle response and hyperarousal. Due to parasympathetic system stimulation person responds by showing guiltiness, sorrow, anguish, depression, feeling of being secluded and abandoned. He also tends to avoid seeking support from others.
Stress widely affects person relations and social life. Social withdrawals, sleep deprivation, abnormal eating habits, too much drinking, smoking, drug abuse, likely to meet accidents, negligence, rebelliousness, problem with authority, rules and regulation, spoiled relations, reckless behavior, breakups all types of behaviors that indicate that person is undergoing stress in his life and is not able to cope it up.
These all findings associated with stress explain why stress results in so many health problems. Mainly altering the normal physiology of autonomic nervous system, stress induces many health-related problems in a person. Therefore, stress should be managed properly for the achievement of Eustress!
Amna Sheikh is a medical doctor with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelors in Economics and Statistics. She is also a medical writer working as a freelancer for 10+ years and she is specialized in medical, health, and pharmaceutical writing, regulatory writing & clinical research. All her work is supported by a strong academic and professional experience.