Sunday May 29, 2022

Physical exercises


“YOU SHOULD DO EXERCISE.” “EXERCISE KEEP YOU FRESH” “EXERCISE PROTECT YOU FROM DANGEROUS DISEASES” All these expressions and more we hear, or read them many times. Some of us ask Why all these talk about exercises? What is the importance of the exercises? Does exercise is so important to this degree?

The answer is “YES” physical exercise is so important and helpful in our life that physical exercise affects our health in many ways physical and psychological.

Physical exercises protect you from illness, decrease the severity, or delay complications of many diseases.

Physical Exercise means doing the repetitive regular movement for more than twenty minutes, which helps us to keep good health, fitness, and perfect mood.

Many categories of exercises are done for many purposes as increasing skeletal muscular power, cardiac muscle or decreasing weight, or maintaining weight by preventing any increase in weight, as a part of medical treatment schedule, and for enjoyment.

How do physical exercises affect my health?

There are a lot of physical exercises benefits as regular exercises can help our body in many ways.

Immune system activation – Exercise and white blood cells Subpopulations Neutrophils concentrations increase during and after exercise, whereas lymphocyte concentrations increase during exercise and fall below after long-duration.

Exercise and Lymphocyte Proliferation – Lymphocytes must proliferate extensively before they differentiate into functional effectors cells of a particular immunogenic specificity. Exercise and NK Cells Exercise of various types, durations, and intensities induce recruitment to the blood of cells expressing characteristic NK cell markers

Cardiovascular system – Exercises cause vasodilatation in the blood vessels to supply the active muscle with oxygen and nutrients which decrease the peripheral resistance inside the blood vessels. Also, movement prevents the stagnation of blood and prevents the formation of clots which lead to infarction and if reaches the brain cause infarction stroke.

Blood glucose level – Nowadays the exercises considers as a cornerstone in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, as their effect on glucose level in the blood.

Exercise and fat – Exercise increase the metabolic rate so our body is using more calories and burning more fats. Doing physical exercises regularly may help you prevent or get rid of obesity and maintain your body fitness.

Exercises improve the brain functions as well by increasing the blood flow to the brain which carries the nutrition and oxygen, increasing the growth factors that help new nerve cells formation, and increasing chemicals in the brain that help cognition, such as dopamine, glutamate, norepinephrine, and serotonin.

Also, physical exercises affect your mood state as it prevents depression and maintains us in a euphoric state. During exercises, our body secrets endogenous endorphins which decrease our pain and modify our mood.

Physical exercises also can improve sexual performance and body look.

Exercises reduce levels of Cortisol, it’s is a stress hormone that builds fat in the abdominal region, making weight loss difficult, also causing hypertension, suppressing the immune system to increase the infection occurrence.

Physical exercises have more other benefits, an increase, your immune system so decrease the infections, there is the good blood supply to your body, it protects us from stroke and infarction, decrease blood glucose level, and decrease our weight.

Amna Sheikh

Amna Sheikh is a medical doctor with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelors in Economics and Statistics.  She is also a medical writer working as a freelancer for 10+ years and she is specialized in medical, health, and pharmaceutical writing, regulatory writing & clinical research. All her work is supported by a strong academic and professional experience.
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