Hormones are a chemical compound of varying structural complexity. They are pored directly and transported to blood to respective target tissues. They may either stimulate or inhibit the function. The hormonal system is a complicated system in which many of the parts interact with each other. Important hormones and their functions are
Hypothalamic and pituitary hormones
Somatotropin Hormone: This promotes protein syntheses.
Adrenocorticotropin Hormone: It acts on adrenal cortex and promotes the synthesis and release of its hormone.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone acts on the thyroid gland.
Follicle stimulating hormone works on ovaries in the female and promotes their maturation. Also acts on testicles and promote sperm formation.
Prolactin causes milk production.
LH acts on ovaries and matures them.
Corticotrophin-releasing hormones promote the release of ACTH.
Antidiuretic hormone promotes contraction of arteries and acts on the kidney to prevent water excretion.
Hormones that regulate Energy Metabolism
Insulin: It acts on cells to increase glucose and amino acid uptake
Glucagon: It responds to low blood glucose and acts on the liver to promote the breakdown of glycogen to glucose.
Thyroxin: It acts on various organs and increases their metabolic rate, growth and heat production.
Glucocorticoids: This act as an anti-inflammatory.
Hormones that adjusts other body balances
Calcitonin, parathormone, and Vitamin D
These are necessary for primary and secondary sexual development: testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone.
They are produced in the stomach and intestine and include Gastrin, cholecystokinin, secretin and gastric inhibitory peptide.
These all have an enormous impact on our body and every part of the body is affected by them. When there is imbalance occur, wide ranges of effects appear. This requires the proper supplement of vitamins. So you can keep your hormonal system balanced by adding vitamins from natural supplements present in your diet. We take an example that due to some hormonal imbalance acne appears on the face, we can correct it by giving Vitamin A supplements.
Similarly, Vitamin B6 is helpful in the relief of premenstrual syndrome caused by an increase in hormonal levels and menopausal symptoms. Vitamin B is helpful in adrenal hormonal productions. Vitamin B complex is also very important in the maintenance of the female hormonal system and also assists in the reproductive system. Folic acid deficiency leads to anemia and infertility so its level should be maintained within the female body. Vitamin D is necessary for bone growth and it acts with parathormone and is essential for calcium absorption from the intestine.
There are various foods containing these vitamins and these foods are readily available and accessible to everyone. These include egg, milk, meat, green leafy vegetables such as spinach, fruits e.g. oranges, mango, lemon, cereals, nuts, wheat, grains, pulses etc. These are natural supplements of all types of vitamins and provide our body with sufficient amount of them. By taking these foods properly you can enjoy good health and long life since the vitamins present in them will continue performing their essential functions and maintain the hormonal balance as well as prevent various diseases.
Amna Sheikh is a medical doctor with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelors in Economics and Statistics. She is also a medical writer working as a freelancer for 10+ years and she is specialized in medical, health, and pharmaceutical writing, regulatory writing & clinical research. All her work is supported by a strong academic and professional experience.