Addiction is a recalcitrant, chronic, physical, psychological dependence and stubbornly relapsing disease. It often begins with a desire to get pleasure and a stress-free mind. It occurs when someone needs to be successful and then he then takes stimulants. This addiction is because when someone wants to enhance his sexual need and time. It is because of certain drugs used for medical treatment.
Addiction is an illustration of what can happen when scientific knowledge, the art of medicine, local consumers and law and crime start to overlap. The complexities of addiction are immense and it is one of the controversial issues that almost everybody has an opinion about it.
There is a number of things whose addiction is done by the people. These include Smoking, Alcohol, Heroin, Opioids, Amphetamine, Benzodiazepines, Barbiturates, Computers, Work, Internet, TV, Video, Games, Food.
Today the excessive use of these addictive things is affecting the physiological as well as moral and social values of an individual. Some of the addictive disorders include
Alcohol abuse: Some people become addicted to alcohol and consume too much of it. They become totally dependent on it. This leads to various adverse effects on them. The alcohol use is morally not acceptable. Its use is the common problem among teens and this abuse-possess serious health and social consequences to the drinker. It can kill; the respiratory centers of the brain which become anesthetized and stop breathing. Alcohol intake is also responsible for accidental deaths including automobiles fatalities.
Treatment* for alcohol abuse: Alcohol abuse should be stopped and its withdrawal effects are also treated successfully with various drugs like benzodiazepines.
Drug Abuse: Various drugs are also abused. These drug addictions create a wide variety of problem then. Dependency on drugs also occurs.
Treatment* for drug abuse: A proper medication along with psychiatric therapy is needed.
Bulmonia nervosa: This is a condition in which person eats too much and get pleasure from eating lots of food. There is a sense of lack of control over eating during the episodes. He then gets electrolyte imbalance and irritation and infections associated with vomit and diarrhea.
Treatment* for bulmonia nervosa: Psychological therapy is to be done. Fluoxetine which is antidepressant is found beneficial in the treatment of this disorder. Nalaxone an opiate antagonist is also helpful in suppressing the utilization of the sweet and high-fat foods in binge eaters.
Anorexia nervosa: Here person become so much conscious about his weight that he leaves eating food and become anorexic and his body thin lean and weak.
Treatment* for anorexia nervosa: It consists of intake of food from each of the food groups and the use of well-balanced diet along with medications. The feelings of bloating can be reduced by the use of small frequent feedings. Behavioral therapy should be done in these patients.
Smoking: Due to lots of advertisement on TV and showing it the symbol of being powerful, teenagers especially get influenced and start smoking and become addicted to it. It is because of nicotine in the cigarette. The hazardous of smoking lead to many fatal diseases.
Treatment* for smoking: Try to avoid it slowly by making yourself strong enough. You can use different alternates of smoking. To quit smoking can be really easy, but you have to truly want this and have a great willpower.
Computer and Internet Addiction: This thing is very common these days. People spend hours in front of the computer and internet. This can lead to dark circles around the eye, decrease vision and social withdrawal.
Treatment*: This thing should be discouraged instead these people should be encouraged to take part in physical activities.
There are other so many things in the world to which people are addicted. It only depends on the person will how to overcome these addictions. Person’s best defense against these addictions is his own strong willpower. When he discovers body and mind real needs, he becomes unwilling to sacrifice health for conformity. To respect and values, someone may be lifesaving!
Amna Sheikh is a medical doctor with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Bachelors in Economics and Statistics. She is also a medical writer working as a freelancer for 10+ years and she is specialized in medical, health, and pharmaceutical writing, regulatory writing & clinical research. All her work is supported by a strong academic and professional experience.