Potassium Benefits

mineral potassium

Like other minerals such as sodium, potassium is a positively charged ion of immense importance in the body. In contrast to sodium, potassium is the body’s principal cation inside the body cells. The adult human body contains about 250 grams of potassium. It is third most abundantly found mineral and nutrient of the body.

Sources

Potassium is found widely in all the food stuffs. It animals and plant sources are as follow

  • Animal Sources: It is found in ground beef, cod, ham, lean, and shrimp, chicken breast, milk, yogurt, buttermilk, and sirloin steak etc.
  • Plant Sources: These include spinach, carrots, broccoli, tomato juice, banana, grapefruit, avocado, green beas and white rice etc.

Physiological Functions

Potassium plays a major role in maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance and cell integrity. During nerve transmission and muscle contraction, potassium and sodium briefly trade places across the cell membrane. The cell then quickly pumps them back into place. Controlling potassium distribution is a high priority for the body because it affects many aspects of homeostasis, including a steady heartbeat. It is food for combating allergies and arthritis. It also plays role providing oxygen to the brain. It is also found to be beneficial in disposing wastes of the body.

Recommendation and Intakes

As for sodium and chloride, a minimum potassium requirement for adults has been estimated. Potassium is abundant in all living cells, both plant and animal. Because cells remain intact unless foods are processed, the richest sources of potassium are fresh foods of all kind. People who emphasize fresh fruits and vegetables on their diet have high intakes of potassium, but toxicity is normally not a concern when the source is foods.

         Fresh foods, especially fruits, contain much more potassium than sodium. In contrast, most processed foods such as canned vegetables, ready-to-eat cereals, and luncheon meats contain more sodium and less potassium.

Deficiency

Potassium deficiency occurs more often due to excessive loss than to deficient intakes. This condition may cause hypokalemia. Certain conditions such as diabetic acidosis, dehydration or prolonged vomiting or diarrhea can create a potassium deficiency, as can the regular use of certain drugs, such as diuretics, steroids, and strong laxatives. For this reason, many physicians prescribe potassium supplements along with these potassium-wasting drugs. One of the earliest symptoms of deficiency is muscle weakness. It may also leads to muscles paralysis and confusional and nervous state of mind.

Hypertension

Low-potassium diets seem to play an important role in the development of high blood pressure. Diets low in potassium raise blood pressure, whereas high potassium intake appears to both prevent and correct hypertensions.

Surplus or Toxicity

Potassium toxicity can result from the overuse of potassium salt, especially in an infant or a person with heart disease; it does not result from overeating foods high in potassium.

Given more potassium than the body needs, the kidneys accelerate their excretion. If the GI tract is bypassed, however, and potassium is injected rapidly into a vein, it can stop the heart. There may also arise muscle weakness and vomiting.

Related posts:

Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
Micronutrients are those which are needed to very small amount to our body which vary from a fraction of milligram to several grams. Micronutrients ...
Nickel Benefits
Nickel is one of the trace mineral or micronutrient in our body since it is present in very small amount in the our body but it plays an important p...
Iodine Benefits
Iodine mineral is an essential micronutrient. The adult human being contains about 50 gram of iodine and the blood level is about 8-12 micrograms. Io...
Chlorine Benefits
The element chlorine (Cl) is a poisonous gas. When chlorine is reacted with sodium or hydrogen, however, it gives rise to the negative chloride ion....
Chromium Benefits
Chromium mineral is the trace element which has been shown to have a role in binding of insulin to cells and potentiating its effects in glucose meta...
Boron Benefits
Boron is a trace element in our body.  It is also found to be important to human’s health and human’s behavior. The wor...