Mood Disorders

mood disorders

Mood disorders as the name applies are the disorders in the person’s moods and are also called affective disorders.


Although the exact cause leading to this problem is yet not unknown but they are believed to be caused by low level of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepineprine, and serotonin in the brain. The disruption of areas of the brain controlling moods of a person is also believed to be one of the causes of this disorder.

So there is no particular cause link with any of the disorders but the decreases in the levels of neurotransmitters are seen in different regions of the brain. Certain medication use can also lead to this mood swinging disorder.


There are various forms of these disorders. These are as follow

  • Personality Disorders:  This is the form of mood disorder in which person become backward in variety of important skills such as he shows antisocial behavior, becomes paranoid, strictly follow rules, limited his area of interest to certain things. He may show complete dependent personality or aggressive personality. He mostly feels shy at one time and remains confidenceless. Some of the people in this disorder do strange things to attract other peoples toward him. So the personality disorder is the umbrella under which lots of disorders come and affect the human‘s personality.
  • Bipolar Disorder: This is a disorder which is characterized by two things in the lifetime of the patient, one is depression and other is mania. Depression occurs more than mania. At time they feel extra happiness and euphoria and the other time they become so much pessimistic and hopeless and remain sad. So this disease alternates between two mood extremities.
  • Major Depression: This is the most common form of mood disorder which affects the million of people every year. It is characterized by sadness, apprehension, lack of sleep and appetite. People remain poor in concentrating on anything. They socially withdraw themselves. This depression has further many types. These include
  • Atypical depression:  Here paradoxical anhedonia, increase sleep and increase appetite is seen in person suffering from this disorder.
  • Psychotic major depression: Here person experiences delusion, delirium and hallucinations.
  • Postpartum depression: This type of disorder occurs in women after the child birth. She becomes depressed and remains sad and hopeless.
  • Melancholic depression: This is characterized by anhedonia, sleep problems, with loss which is quite more and grief all the time.
  • Catatonic depression: This catatonic depression is the severe form of this depression and here person becomes mute and socially withdraws himself. The symptoms of this disorder are also seen and associated with schizophrenia.
  • Dysthymia Depression: This is the depression similar to major depression but it is of prolonged type of depression and has less severity as compared to that of major depression.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder: As the name indicates this is a type of depression occurring during particular season per year in some people. The season may either be winter or it may be summer.


The treatment is done by the use of antidepressants as well as by the psychological therapy in certain forms of this disorder.

Related posts:

10 Things You Can Do To Improve Your Moo...
No doubt there are many problems that affect our mood. We sometimes become sad, angry or offended. Likewise, some people even undergo extreme of moo...
Bad Mood, The Main Reason of Your Low En...
Yes, it is true that bad mood is the main reason behind your low energy and lack of concentration. Bad mood can be due to many matters and issues ...
Phobia is the form of anxiety disorder in which person feels intense fear from anything which is in real not a fearful thing. The phobia is not a us...
Autism is the disorder due to neural abnormal development which leads to poor communication skills and strange behaviors in the children. These are ...
Atypical Depression
Atypical Depression the one of the form of mood disorder and type of major depression is characterized by strange mood behavior. But one of its good...
Alcohol Abuse & Dependency
Alcohol has occupied an important place in the history of humankind for at least 7000 years. In western society, beer and wine were the main staple ...