Fluorine Benefits

mineral fluorine

Fluorine mineral is the most abundant element in nature being so highly reactive. It is never found in its elemental gaseous forms but only in combine form. About 96% of the fluoride in the body is found in bones and teeth.

Sources

It occurs widely distributed in nature as fluorides. The principle sources of fluorine available to man are

  • Drinking Water: The major sources of fluorine to man is drinking water. The fluorine content of water is found to be 0.4mg/L but in fluorosis-endemic areas, it may be as high as 3-11mg/L.
  • Foods: It occurs in traces of many foods but some foods such as sea fish, cheese and tea are found to be rich in fluorides.

Functions

  • Fluorine is the inhibitor of several enzymes.
  • It is essential for normal mineralization of bones and formation of enamel. Fluorine produces hardening of teeth and bones. Its deficiency has shown to results in an abnormal increase in the incidence of dental caries and possibly osteoporosis.
  • Fluorides are being added to the toothpastes and even applied as such in children as a prophylactic against dental caries and it therefore prevent decay or cavity formation in them.
  • It is found to be important in preventing certain heart diseases.

Deficiency

Fluorine is often considered a two-edge sword. Its deficiency is associated with tooth decay and delay in the mineralization of bones therefore leading to dental caries as well as osteoporosis of the bones respectively.

Surplus

Prolonged ingestion of fluoride through drinking water in excess of the daily requirement is associated with dental and skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis is a condition due to very high intake of fluorine. It produces brown staining of teeth or even leads to dental mottling. The bones of the skeletal system show excessive density. The fluorosis may lead to calcification of the ligament and the vertebral spine is usually more affected in this disease. Nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, tetany and cardiovascular collapse may be seen in this condition.

Daily Requirement

The recommended and optimum level of fluorides in drinking water has been places 3.75 parts/million. In temperate countries where the water intake is low, the optimum level of fluorides in drinking water is accepted as 1-2 mg per liter.

Related posts:

Iron Benefits
Iron mineral is the part of structure of many important body constituents e.g. hemoglobin, myoglobin, enzymes like cytochromes, catalses, xanthine ox...
Molybdenum Benefits
Molybdenum mineral is the trace nutrient of our body which plays role being the active part of the various metalloenzymes. It is present in the enzy...
Phosphorus Benefits
Phosphorus is important mineral of the body. The adult human being has about 700 grams of phosphorus which makes about 1% of the body weight. About ...
Strontium Benefits
Strontium mineral is a trace element which is non-essential. Clinically, it performs functions like calcium because of in vivo relevancy with calciu...
Iodine Benefits
Iodine mineral is an essential micronutrient. The adult human being contains about 50 gram of iodine and the blood level is about 8-12 micrograms. Io...
Chromium Benefits
Chromium mineral is the trace element which has been shown to have a role in binding of insulin to cells and potentiating its effects in glucose meta...