Fluorine Benefits

mineral fluorine

Fluorine mineral is the most abundant element in nature being so highly reactive. It is never found in its elemental gaseous forms but only in combine form. About 96% of the fluoride in the body is found in bones and teeth.

Sources

It occurs widely distributed in nature as fluorides. The principle sources of fluorine available to man are

  • Drinking Water: The major sources of fluorine to man is drinking water. The fluorine content of water is found to be 0.4mg/L but in fluorosis-endemic areas, it may be as high as 3-11mg/L.
  • Foods: It occurs in traces of many foods but some foods such as sea fish, cheese and tea are found to be rich in fluorides.

Functions

  • Fluorine is the inhibitor of several enzymes.
  • It is essential for normal mineralization of bones and formation of enamel. Fluorine produces hardening of teeth and bones. Its deficiency has shown to results in an abnormal increase in the incidence of dental caries and possibly osteoporosis.
  • Fluorides are being added to the toothpastes and even applied as such in children as a prophylactic against dental caries and it therefore prevent decay or cavity formation in them.
  • It is found to be important in preventing certain heart diseases.

Deficiency

Fluorine is often considered a two-edge sword. Its deficiency is associated with tooth decay and delay in the mineralization of bones therefore leading to dental caries as well as osteoporosis of the bones respectively.

Surplus

Prolonged ingestion of fluoride through drinking water in excess of the daily requirement is associated with dental and skeletal fluorosis. Fluorosis is a condition due to very high intake of fluorine. It produces brown staining of teeth or even leads to dental mottling. The bones of the skeletal system show excessive density. The fluorosis may lead to calcification of the ligament and the vertebral spine is usually more affected in this disease. Nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, tetany and cardiovascular collapse may be seen in this condition.

Daily Requirement

The recommended and optimum level of fluorides in drinking water has been places 3.75 parts/million. In temperate countries where the water intake is low, the optimum level of fluorides in drinking water is accepted as 1-2 mg per liter.

Related posts:

Micronutrients: Vitamins & Minerals
Micronutrients are those which are needed to very small amount to our body which vary from a fraction of milligram to several grams. Micronutrients ...
Manganese Benefits
Biomedical Importance: The human body contains a tiny 20 milligrams of manganese, mostly in the bones and metabolically active organs such as liver,...
Sodium Benefits
People have held salt in high regard throughout the recorded history. The sodium mineral is found in all body fluids. The adult human body contains ...
Copper Benefits
The amount of copper mineral in an adult body is estimated to be 100-150mg. It is a micronutrient which means it is needed in small amount. ...
Chromium Benefits
Chromium mineral is the trace element which has been shown to have a role in binding of insulin to cells and potentiating its effects in glucose meta...
Boron Benefits
Boron is a trace element in our body.  It is also found to be important to human’s health and human’s behavior. The wor...